Jose Marti y Perez (1853-1895)

Born in the city of San Cristobal de La Habana, Capital of the Republic.

Through his literature and speeches he united all Cubans both within the country and in exile against a common foe – The Spanish domination. He always said that there many ways to fight – his way 3was with the word and pen. “These weapons are just as powerful as any other”, he said.

Marti drew the text of the “Manifest of Montecristi” which contained the guidelines for a free and democratic government with equal rights and opportunities for all Cuban irrespective of race or creed. He was also a poet and philosopher. His literature and thoughts have been considered and recognized by the Spanish speaking people of the world not only for their patriotic, profound and truthful substance, but also as an example of the very best Castillian Literature.

He was the “Apostle of our Liberty”.

“To the people of Latin America we shall ask not for the their help as dishonor would befall those that would deny it us. To the United State, we present in silence the legions of men who would fight today for what they themselves fought in the past. And, to the people of the world we ask – assured of what their reply will be – whether the human race will remain indifferent and impious to the sacrifice of the generous country whose men are dying for the privilege of joining the human race… We, Americans, are one in origin, in hope and in the face of danger.” -Jose Marti

-Daisy Barrera

Martí’s fundamental works published during his life 

  • 1869 January – Abdala
  • 1869 January – “10 de octubre”
  • 1871 – El presidio político en Cuba
  • 1873 – La República Española ante la revolución cubana
  • 1875 – Amor con amor se paga
  • 1882 – Ismaelillo
  • 1882 February – Ryan vs. Sullivan
  • 1882 February – Un incendio
  • 1882 July – El ajusticiamiento de Guiteau
  • 1883 January – “Batallas de la Paz”
  • 1883 March – ” Que son graneros humanos”
  • 1883 March – Karl Marx ha muerto
  • 1883 March –El Puente de Brooklyn
  • 1883 September– “En Coney Island se vacía Nueva York”
  • 1883 December –” Los políticos de oficio”*1883 December –”Bufalo Bil”
  • 1884 April –“Los caminadores”
  • 1884 November – Norteamericanos
  • 1884 November –El juego de pelota de pies
  • 1885 – Amistad funesta
  • 1885 January –Teatro en Nueva York
  • 1885 March – “Una gran rosa de bronce encendida”
  • 1885 March –Los fundadores de la constitución
  • 1885 June – “Somos pueblo original”
  • 1885 August – “Los políticos tiene sus púgiles”
  • 1886 May – Las revueltas anarquistas de Chicago
  • 1886 September – ” La ensenanza”
  • 1886 October – “La Estatua de la Libertad”
  • 1887 April – El poeta Walt Whitman
  • 1887 April – El Madison Square
  • 1887 November – Ejecución de los dirigentes anarquistas de Chicago
  • 1887 November – La gran nevada
  • 1888 May – El ferrocarril elevado
  • 1888 August – Verano en Nueva York
  • 1888 November – ” Ojos abiertos, y gargantas secas”
  • 1888 November – “Amanece y ya es fragor”
  • 1889 – ‘La edad de oro’
  • 1889 May – El centenario de George Washington
  • 1889 July – Bañistas
  • 1889 August – “Nube Roja”
  • 1889 September – “La caza de negros”
  • 1890 November– ” El jardín de las orquídeas”
  • 1891 October –Versos Sencillos
  • 1891 January – “Nuestra América”
  • 1894 January – ” ¡A Cuba!”
  • 1895 –Manifiesto de Montecristi- coauthor con Máximo Gómez

Martí’s major posthumous works

  • Adúltera
  • Versos libres
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